Still a Theory in Crisis
The theory of evolution is that bacteria evolved into whales in a period of about 100 million decades. I’m using decades, instead of years, because it takes a fertilized human egg two decades to produce all of the cells of a fully-grown human. Using the unit decade makes it clear how rapidly evolution is supposed to have occurred.
I’m also insisting that the theory of evolution is a theory because most biologists feel strongly that it is not a theory but a fact. One of the most ridiculous things they say by way of explanation is that the word theory has a different meaning in science than in every day life. Another ridiculous thing they say is that “human consciousness” and “language” are emergent properties analogous to the way the properties of water unpredictably emerge from hydrogen and oxygen atoms.
The author quotes Stephen Jay Gould favorably (location 3353) on this last point because he sees nothing wrong with idea. Also, it supports his theories about the evolution of Bauplans. He also finds support in Thomas Nagel’s rejection of a materialistic solution to the mind-body problem.
These inanities are caused by cognitive dissonance. Most biologists believe that life ends in the grave. This conflicts with the reality that the prophetic religions of the Near East, the wisdom religions of China, and the mystical religions of India all say that we pay for our sins when we die. This causes emotional and mental stress and inhibits biologists from thinking intelligently and rationally. An intelligent and responsible person will ask: What is sin? What is free will? What is the relationship between my self and my body? The theory judged to be true by rational people is that it is an unsolvable mystery. Thinking it may be solved at some point in the future is irresponsible given our finite life span and the absence of any track record of success answering questions that arise from our transcendence. Another way to express is to say human are embodied spirits or spirited bodies.
Biologists avoid this truth by focusing attention on the irrationality of the idea the human beings have souls. There is no evidence for this and the theory conflicts with the Christian doctrine of Original Sin. When biologists say free will, language, and human consciousness are emergent properties what they are really saying is that human beings don’t have souls. They say this to avoid the truth that the human soul (form) is spiritual. The soul (form) is the principle that makes all humans equal to one another and the body (matter) is the principle that makes us different from one another. A human being is a composition of body and soul, which are metaphysical principles or incomplete beings.